Philip II of Spain originally planned to invade England at Margate in 1588 with the “invincible Armada” to gain control of the whole country. Throughout the whole campaign, the English lost no ships and only 100 men in battle. However, over 7,000 English sailors died from disease (dysentery and typhus mostly) during the time the Armada was in English water. Also those English sailors who survived and fought against the Armada were poorly treated by the English government. Many were given only enough money for the journey to their home and some received only part of their pay. John Hawkins showed concern for his men: ” The men have long been unpaid and need relief”. The overall commander of the English Navy, Lord Howard was shocked claiming that ” I would rather have never a penny in the world, than they (his sailors) should lack…”. Howard wrote to William Cecil ( 20 Aug 1588) ” … It is a most pitiful sight to see, here at Margate, how the men, having no place to receive them into here, die in the streets. I am driven myself, of force, to come a-land, to see them bestowed in some lodging; and the best I can get is barns and outhouses. It would grieve any man’s heart to see them that have served so valiantly to die so miserably…”. With this, he used his own money to pay his sailors.
An image taken underneath Brighton’s now derelict West Pier which was built in 1866 and closed in 1975. In the distance can be seen Brighton’s remaining open pier; The Palace Pier was built in 1891 and was renamed Brighton Pier in 2000 much to the locals disagreement.
“What I have always liked about Brighton is its impersonality. Since the 18th century, people have come, used the place and gone home again”. Lynne Truss
Down a side alley in Herat I came across a group of children playing with a ball. I framed this young girl who just stood there completely unfazed, smiled at me and I raised my camera and she just stood as she is in the image minus the smile.
She was about 10 years old and she must now be around 21. After the fall of the Taliban the people of Herat were full of a positive outlook with great promises being made by the West. Some said that nothing would change and in time the Taliban would make a return. Ive wondered many times what has happened to the children in Herat I photographed for Warchild.
“Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired, signifies in the final sense a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed” Dwight D Eisenhower
Image taken with a Rolleiflex 3.5f Planar TLR using Ilford HP5